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Tire Safety

Tire Safety

All drivers need good tires to drive safely. They are the only contact with the road and affect the steering, braking and acceleration of all vehicles. This study explains the legal requirements and the precautions that the driver should take to ensure that the tires are safe.
Tires, each with a contact patch on the road of about the size of a large footprint, provide the entire grip for:
- STEERING
- BRAKING
- ACCELERATION

They also improve comfort while carrying the weight of the vehicle. If the driver looks after them they will do all of this for longer and more safely. Ignoring them may significantly affect the pocket and possibly the life of the driver or someone else. In the European Union, every new car type tire, other than retreads, must meet European standards for speed and durability and be marked on the sidewall E or e .

Tread depth
The legal minimum tread depth for car and similar tires in the United Kingdom and throughout the European Community is at least 1.6 mm throughout a continuous band comprising the central three quarters of the breadth of tread and round the entire outer circumference of the tire. Most car type tires have tread wear indicators, usually at least six small ribs across the bottom of the main tread grooves, and when the tread surface becomes level with these ribs the tire is at the legal limit and must be replaced.

Simple and cheap gauges are widely available to give an acceptable guide to tread depth. One of the features of tire tread pattern design is to give good grip in wet conditions. Generally speaking available grip reduces as the tire wears or as the road surface water depth increases and drivers should reduce speed in such conditions.

THE 1.6mm MINIMUM LIMIT APPLIES TO:
CARS    
MINIBUSES with up to 8 seated passengers – not including the driver
MOTOR VEHICLES & LIGHT TRAILERS (including caravans) up to 3500 kg gross vehicle weight

Retreaded tires
The only part of tire to wear away the normal use is the tread and it makes both economic and ecological sense to give a new lease of life to an otherwise good tire by what is now generally known as retreading. For example, all retread tires supplied in the United Kingdom must meet the requirements of the British standard for retreaded tires, that is, either BS AU 144e or (until 1st December 1995) BS AU 144b, and must be marked with the standard number.
The British Standard requires strict examination and inspection of retreaded tires at all stages which results in perfectly acceptable tires. The tire debris, often seen at the side of motorways in particular, does not necessarily come from retreaded tires.
Retreaded tires are used extensively on aircraft and in motoring competition.

Part-worn tires
There are many dangers in buying part-worn or “second hand” tires. Their history is unknown and they may have been removed for a vehicle involved in an accident or have been badly damaged by ‘kerbing’ or similar problems. Repairs may not have been carried out properly, for example to British Standard BS AU 159e. Regulations on the sale of part-worn tires came into effect on 1 June 1995 and require them to be examined, both internally and externally, to ensure that they do not have any cuts, bulges etc… likely to affect their safety. Tread depth must be a least 2mm across the whole breadth of the tread and they must be marked “PART-WORN” adjacent to the E or e marking.”

Mixing of tires
Except in the case of temporary use spare tires, it is illegal in the United Kingdom, and is certainly dangerous, to mix radial ply and cross ply tires on the same axle or to have radial ply tires on the front axle and cross ply tires on the rear axle. This applies to all two axle motor vehicles whether front of rear wheel drive.

 
Tire pressures
Correct tire pressure is vital for balanced braking, maximum grip and maximum tire life. Recommended pressures may vary according to load or speed. Drivers should look in the vehicle handbook, or consult tire dealers.

  •  WRONG TIRE PRESSURES (high or low) will cause more rapid wear and shorter your life.
  •  LOW TIRE PRESSURES also cause increased fuel consumption and consequently increased air pollution.

Higher than necessary pressures may give an uncomfortable ride and reduce grip due to the smaller area in contact with the road. Pressures should be checked at least every two weeks and when the tires are cold. Even a short trip to the local garage will warm up the tire and raise the pressure. Accurate and reliable gauges are not expensive and will soon pay back their cost.


 
 

Lebanon , Traffic Safety

Date: 4/16/2010 12:26:40 PM

By: YASA WEB , YASA
 
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Traffic Safety