yaa new visual


Snowmobiles and Youth
Study reveals which car crash avoidance technology can be a proven lifesaver
Preparing your home for an emergency
15 Safety Tips for Holiday Travelers This Christmas

March15,2013 Global status report on road safety 

 AT&T Don't Text While Driving Documentary ( Video Inside) 

YASA & Sagesse High School Mall Demonstration ( NICE SHORT VIDEO INSIDE)

YASA and LASIP advice to avoid the increase of injuries resulting from road collisions on New Year’s Eve 

Make sure that the mattress is comfortable, suitable and properly fit in the child bed.

User Name:
Forgot your password?
New to YASA? It's free and easy.
Create an account
Yasa visiting Chmistar- Bekaa, Lebanon. Yasa Conference in collaboration with Renault at Sagesse Ain El Remmeneh Yasa Conference for Civil Defense at Dbayeh Car Crash simulation at AUST university-Achrafieh Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety Yasa and Lassa Conference at the Evengelical Arminian school at Ashrafieh Yasa Conference at LIU rayak Yasa Conference at Balamand-Akkar Up to 27 seconds of inattention after using car's voice commands: studies Yasa Conference for the teachers at Dar Anout Driverless buses being tested in Greece New safety technology leaves some drivers confused Mother of 3 children killed in Vaughan crash Yasa Conference for the chorus of the Lady's rosary camp Ghadir Yasa & Renault Conference in Broummana- Saint Isaiah Monastery Yasa Conference in Akroum Mountain to Al Bayan association What's The Number One Reason People Die Early in Your Country? Americans less satisfied with cars than any time since 2004 Yasa Conference in Ibl El Saki in corporation with the Parish of Saint Georgios Fiat Chrysler recalls more than 85,000 Chrysler 200 sedans New technology will tell drivers when traffic lights change Conference at the association of the Bishop Hanna Tire Pressure and Loading Limits Variable Ride-Height Types of Car Seats Blind drivers go behind the wheel at Spanish racetrack THE NEW SYSTEM OF ROAD TRAFIC MANAGEMENT. Calls for Irish cars to have devices to prevent drink driving London clamps down on dangerous trucks Motorcycle safety the responsibility of riders and drivers Robot kills worker at Volkswagen plant in Germany Former ISU basketball player Jackson Vroman found dead at Calif. home Bus crash in Belgium kills one; UK students all survive Vehicle quality improves overall, but Japanese brands fall behind: J.D. Power Obama proposes tougher mileage standards for heavy-duty trucks The truth about Lebanon’s speed cameras Traffic safety Day at Saint Joseph School Traffic safety Day at Amjad deir Oubil Takata recalls nearly 34M air bags; largest auto recall in U.S. history China: Luxury cars wrecked in 'Fast and Furious' collision Passenger killed in Lamborghini crash at Disney racetrack 'driving experience' Qataris spend millions on 'fancy' licence plates Michael Schumacher Update & Latest News: F1 Racer May Not Return to Normal? DON’T DRINK AND DRIVE TAKE A TAXI TO SURVIVE Mercedes recalling 30,000 cars to fix rear tail lamp problem Canadian soldier, wife, 7-month-old baby killed in U.S. crash Crash car in Ferzoul Bekaa New P.E.I. licence plate in running for best in North America Why Sweden has so few road deaths 96 vehicles involved in collision after 'wall of snow' hits Highway 400 Doctors tell Michael Schumacher's family that 'only a miracle' can save him Man killed while trying to help roll-over victim on Highway 400 Police investigate fatal crash east of city Chris Kattan charged with DUI after freeway crash Busiest speed-on-green camera caught more than 28,000 drivers in 2013 Tests continue for drunk driver charged after allegedly entering liquor store Britain braced for NEW Atlantic storm think twice before you scare someone to DEATH Man hit by train in downtown core Two people dead in Brampton collision Parents of teen killed by drunk driver fight to prevent another tragedy Police hunt hit-and-run driver who left dog walker lying unconscious on the pavement ISF member killed after hitting stray donkey in Safra Japan chemical factory explosion (Mitsubishi) kills at least five Three killed, four injured in Alberta crash 3 Syrian nationals injured in car accident in Tripoli Firefighter finds his daughter dying in crash on Christmas Eve Genting Bus Crash: Worst Tragedy In 2013 Two women extricated from wreckage after car strikes CTrain New Brunswick town grieving loss of 4 teenagers killed in highway crash Unknown car hits and kills Syrian national in Halat RCMP investigate after teen hit in central Alberta Saturday morning snow wreaks havoc on Alberta’s highways Family struggles with loss after alleged impaired driving collision claims Edmonton man Man critically injured after being struck by TTC bus Bus crashes, catches fire in southern India; 45 passengers killed SUV veers into crowd at Beijing's Forbidden City; police say 5 killed, dozens hurt Official: 3 children die in Bronx fire after candle lit Woman in custody in connection to fatal hit and run Sean Edwards killed in Australian crash Police identify 2 Ontario boys killed while crossing street Two Ontario boys killed after being struck by vehicle Man dead after being struck by vehicle in North York. Mexican monster truck kills 8, hurts dozens when vehicle hits crowd. Launch of pilot project in Tunisia. America: Driver dead after car chase from White House to Capitol ends in police gunfire.
Snowmobiles and Youth

CSN Rural Injury Prevention Resource Center

Snowmobiles and Youth 

Most previous research regarding snowmobile injuries was conducted prior to the advent of today's sleds that offer increased stability and durability, high speeds, and good visibility.
A snowmobile can weigh up to 600 pounds and some performance sleds can travel at speeds in excess of 90 miles per hour. At 90 miles per hour, a snowmobile moves at 131 feet per second. With a standard reaction time of 1.5 seconds, a snowmobile will travel 195 feet before coming to a stop.
The number of snowmobile operators in the United States is difficult to determine because there are no uniform requirements for licensure.
In 1996, there were more than 1.3 million registered snowmobiles in the United States. Approximately 56% of all registered snowmobiles in the U.S. are registered in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.1
The effect of snowmobile safety education for children younger than 16 years on the risk of snowmobile-related injury has not been reported in the literature.
Children are at risk for snowmobile-related injury from being the operator, bystander, or passenger. Pediatric snowmobile-related injuries are often a result of risk-taking behavior of the parent (excessive speed, alcohol use, and night-time driving) during snowmobile operation.2

Population at Risk
Males younger than 16 years are more than three times as likely as females of the same age to sustain a snowmobile-related injury.3

National Injury Estimates
During 1995, there were 16,226 snowmobile-related injuries in all age groups. Twenty-percent of snowmobile-related injuries occurred to persons younger than 16 years.3
From January 1993 to December 1995, there were 10,628 snowmobile-related injuries to children younger than 16 years. The cost of injuries for the three-year period was $84,230,000 or $7,925 per injury.3
Among children treated for snowmobile-related injuries, the most commonly treated areas include the lower extremities (32%) and head/neck (23%).3

Risk Factors and Severity
Studies from the United States, Canada, and Sweden conclude that careless snowmobile operation is a factor contributing to snowmobile injury. Other contributing factors include the use of alcohol, excessive speeds, suboptimal lighting, drowning, and lack of protection of head and limbs.4-9
The most common mechanisms of injury (for all age groups) are falls off the machine and collisions.4,7,8
The number of children who lose control of their snowmobiles and are injured suggests that a certain level of skill is required to operate snowmobiles. Children are often not properly trained and may be too small to control the weight, speed, and power of a snowmobile.5
In a case-control study of snowmobile operators involved in fatal crashes, there was a fourfold greater use of alcohol than those injured fatally operating a motor vehicle or motorcycle.6
The percentage of alcohol-impaired fatalities in snowmobiling is greater than fatalities associated with any other vehicle-related trauma. 14

Studies from Canada report that alcohol use by children is not commonly associated with snowmobile-related injuries to children.5
A profile of snowmobile club members previously involved in a snowmobile-related crash involving personal injury or property damage revealed modifiable factors of high speeds on lakes and trails (greater than 90 km/hr), excessive alcohol consumption (average of three or more drinks per sitting and a history of heavy alcohol intake), and lack of driver experience.12
Children younger than 16 years who received treatment for an injury were more commonly injured as passengers, less likely to be wearing a helmet, and more likely to be struck by another motor vehicle when compared to snowmobilers over 16 years who were treated for snowmobile-related injuries.6
Studies in selected geographical regions of North America suggest children are involved in between 10 to 25.5 percent of all snowmobile-related injuries. Data across studies cannot be analyzed because of differences in variables such as time frames, geographic regions, and age categories.3,7,10, 12-15
The American Academy of Pediatrics states that operating snowmobiles is inappropriate for children younger than 16 years.17
The Canadian Paediatric Society states that off-road vehicles should be banned for use by children under 14 years of age.18

1. American Council of Snowmobile Associations, Inc. State Snowmobile Registration Report, January 1997.
2. Rowe B, Milner R, Johnson C, Bota G. Snowmobile-related deaths in Ontario: a 5-year review. Canadian Medical Association Journal 1992; 146(2):147-152.
3. United States Consumer Product Safety Commission. Snowmobiles age 0-15 CY93 to 95 product injury priority list. Unpublished raw data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System Washington DC 1996.
4. Hamdy CR, Dhir A, Cameron B, Jones H, Fitzgerald GWN. Snowmobile injuries in northern Newfoundland and Labrador: an 18-year review. The Journal of Trauma 1988; 28(8):1235.
5. Pyper JA, Black GB. Orthopaedic injuries in children associated with the use of off-road vehicles. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, February 1988; 70A(2):275.
6. Rowe, B, Milner R, Johnson C, Bota G. The association of alcohol and night driving with fatal snowmobile trauma: a case-control study. Annals of Emergency Medicine, November 1994; 24(5): 842-848.
7. Sundström I, Zetterquist H, Bjönstig U. Snowmobile injuries in Kiruna, northern Sweden. Arctic Medical Research 1994; 53:189-195.
8. James EC, Lenz JO, Swenson WM, Cooley AM, Gomez YL, Antonenko DR. Snowmobile trauama: an eleven year experience. The American Surgeon, June 1991;57:349-353.
9. CDC. Injuries and deaths associated with use of snowmobiles-Maine 1991-1996. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. January 10, 1997; 46(1): 1-4
10. Rowe B and Bota G. Serious snowmobile trauma in a northern Ontario community: a case series. Annals of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, December 1991; 24(7).
11. Unpublished raw data from the Michigan State Police (Office of Highway Safety for snow seasons 1990-91 through 1993-94.
12. Rowe BH, Caverson R, Therrien SA, Bota GW, Saythe C, Geisbrecht N. Snowmobilers in a northeastern Ontario community: a survey of characteristics, injury profiles, and strategies for injury prevention. Addiction Research Foundation 1994.
13. CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Injuries associated with the use of snowmobiles-New Hampshire, 1989-1992. January 13, 1995; 44(1):1-3.
14. Gabert T, Stueland DT. Recreational Injuries and deaths in northern Wisconsin: analysis of injuries and fatalities from snowmobiles over 3 years. Wisconsin Medical Journal, December 1993; 671-675.
15. Rowe BH, Therrien SA, Bretzlaff J, Bota GW. Summary of children injured while snowmobiling in Sudbury. (Unpublished)
16. Postl BD, Moffatt MEK, Black GB, Cameron CB. Injuries and deaths associated with off-road recreational vehicles among children in Manitoba. Canadian Medical Association Journal, August 1987; 137:297-300.
17. American Academy of Pediatrics. Snowmobile statement. Pediatrics November 1988; 82(5):798.
18. Canadian Paediatric Society. Two-, three- and four-wheel unlicensed off-road vehicles. Canadian Medical Association Journal 1987; 136:119-120.





Global , Sport Injuries

Date: 3/15/2015 2:27:17 PM

Add Comments 
Add Comments
YASA.org reserves the right to exclude postings that contain insults, bigotry, sexism, racism and other expressions deemed to fall outside the bounds of decency. All opinions expressed are those of the individual poster and do not represent the views of YASA.org or its staff.
Number Of Comments (0)
Sport Injuries

Website Designed & Developed by ITEC (Innovative Technology)